eth_getBlockTransactionCountByHash | Ethereum

Ethereum API method that returns the number of transactions in a block specified by block hash. This information can be useful for analytics purposes.

Parameters

  • hash β€” the block hash of the requested block.

Response

  • quantity β€” an integer value representing how many transactions are included in the block.

eth_getBlockTransactionCountByHash code examples

const Web3 = require("web3");
const NODE_URL = "CHAINSTACK_NODE_URL";
const web3 = new Web3(NODE_URL);

async function getTransactionsCount(blockHash) {
  const count = await web3.eth.getBlockTransactionCount(blockHash)
  console.log(count);
}

getTransactionsCount('0xbff1ae920dd96597dd486d68b2b7c045c3bdc6d6c64dfeb9759499c9e8ca6737')
const ethers = require('ethers');
const NODE_URL = "CHAINSTACK_NODE_URL";
const provider = new ethers.JsonRpcProvider(NODE_URL);

const getTransactionsCount = async (blockHash) => {
    const count = await provider.send("eth_getBlockTransactionCountByHash", [blockHash]);
     console.log(count);
   };

   getTransactionsCount('0x459c15573a756905189f1946a3f6ee57fe1ebfadd3e99a903b884ac0aabd8654');
from web3 import Web3  
node_url = "CHAINSTACK_NODE_URL" 

web3 = Web3(Web3.HTTPProvider(node_url)) 
print(web3.eth.get_block_transaction_count("0xbff1ae920dd96597dd486d68b2b7c045c3bdc6d6c64dfeb9759499c9e8ca6737"))

Use case

eth_getBlockTransactionCountByHash is a useful tool for analyzing transaction volume on the Ethereum blockchain. For instance, a new block is generated on the Ethereum blockchain every 12 seconds, resulting in approximately 300 blocks per hour. Using the web3.js library, one can inspect the past 300 blocks starting from the latest block and use eth_getBlockTransactionCountByHash to find the number of transactions in each block.

const Web3 = require("web3");
const NODE_URL = "CHAINSTACK_NODE_URL";
const web3 = new Web3(NODE_URL);

async function retrieveTransactionsCount() {
  // Get the current block number
  const currentBlockNumber = await web3.eth.getBlockNumber();

  // Calculate the block number from one hour ago
  const oneHourAgoBlockNumber = currentBlockNumber - 300; // 300 blocks/hr on average on the Ethereum mainnet
  
  // Initialize a variable to store the total number of transactions
  let totalTransactionCount = 0;

  // Loop through all blocks from the current block number to the block number from one hour ago
  for (let block = currentBlockNumber; block > oneHourAgoBlockNumber; block--) {

    // Get the hash of each block
    const getBlockHash = await web3.eth.getBlock(block, false);
    const blockHash = getBlockHash.hash

    // Get the number of transactions in this block using each hash
    const transactionCount = await web3.eth.getBlockTransactionCount(blockHash);

    // Add the number of transactions in this block to the total
    totalTransactionCount += transactionCount;

    console.log(`Block #${block} has ${transactionCount} transactions.`);
  }

  console.log(`The total number of transactions in the previous hour is: ${totalTransactionCount}`);
}


retrieveTransactionsCount();

This example connects to an Ethereum node using the web3.js library. The retrieveTransactionsCount function gets the current block number, calculates the block number from one hour ago, and uses a for loop to iterate through all blocks in that range.

The function then retrieves the hash of each block and the number of transactions in each block and adds it to a total transaction count. The final result, the total number of transactions in the previous hour, is logged to the console.

This is a good example of how you can combine different methods.

Try the eth_getBlockTransactionCountByHash RPC method yourself

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